As part of Eastern Francia, the core areas that now encompass Austria were bequeathed to the house of Babenberg.
The area was known as the marchia Orientalis and was given to Leopold of Babenberg in 976.
Austria was thus the first to go to war in the July Crisis, which would ultimately escalate into World War I.
From the time of the Reformation, many northern German princes, resenting the authority of the Emperor, used Protestantism as a flag of rebellion.
The territory of Austria covers 83,879 km The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, when the vast majority of the country was a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Celtic name was eventually Latinised to Noricum after the Romans conquered the area that encloses most of modern-day Austria, around 15 BC.
Noricum later became a Roman province in the mid-first century AD.
the Central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes.
The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the Roman Empire and made a province.In 1156, the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy.In 1192, the Babenbergs also acquired the Duchy of Styria.In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral.Today, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976. For the Austrian national anthem, see Land der Berge, Land am Strome. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.